Empresas incorporam mudanças climáticas em estratégias de negócios

Estudo do CEBDS, com apoio do WWF-Brasil e CDP, mostra que, em 2018, companhias com operações no Brasil reportaram oportunidades que representam impactos financeiros positivos de US$ 123,7 bilhões, com um investimento necessário para materializá-las de US$ 17,5 bilhões

Madri, 10 de dezembro de 2019 – As mudanças do clima são hoje um dos principais vetores de riscos e oportunidades para os negócios. A maior parte das grandes empresas com atuação no Brasil já entendeu isso e está atuando para enfrentar o problema. Essa é a principal conclusão do estudo ‘Como as empresas vêm contribuindo para o Acordo de Paris’, que será lançado hoje pelo Conselho Empresarial Brasileiro para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável (CEBDS), na Conferência das Nações Unidas sobre as Mudanças Climáticas de 2019 (COP25), em Madri, na Espanha.

The study, carried out with the support of WWF-Brasil and CDP (Carbon Disclosure Program) Latin America, is based on the responses of 61 Brazilian and multinational companies with operations in the country, which represent around 90% of the capital traded on the stock exchange in Brazil. In its second edition, the survey showed that understanding climate impacts through a financial lens has helped companies to materialize the associated opportunities. Although estimated, in 2018, they reported opportunities that represent positive financial impacts of US$ 123.7 billion, with an investment required to materialize them of US$ 17.5 billion. While the risks showed negative impacts of US$ 45 billion.

“That is, there is a clear business justification for investing in solutions that contribute to the decarbonization of the economy,” said Marina Grossi, president of CEBDS. Many companies have already realized this and are directing investments in research and development of low-carbon solutions, with the total amount allocated for this purpose in 2018 being US$ 7.7 billion.

“O estudo mostra também um entendimento crescente das empresas de que a crise climática ameaça a estabilidade financeira dos negócios”, observou Alexandre Prado, Diretor de Economia Verde do WWF-Brasil. De acordo com o Relatório de Riscos Globais 2019, do Fórum Econômico Mundial (WEF, na sigla em inglês), a mudança do clima aparece direta ou indiretamente associada a três dos cinco riscos globais mais prováveis e a quatro dos cinco riscos globais com maior impacto negativo. Neste caso, risco global é definido como um evento incerto ou condição que, se ocorrer, poderia impactar negativamente várias indústrias e países nos próximos 10 anos.

“Since efficient management necessarily depends on measurement capacity, by establishing a financial metric for climate risks, companies are able to adopt strategic measures towards the new economy and gain competitiveness”, said Lauro Marins, Executive Director of CDP Latin America . The study shows that 32% of Brazilian companies adopt science-based targets and 33% carry out internal carbon pricing. In other words, they are voluntarily assigning prices to their emissions as a way of managing climate-related risks and opportunities. Other 21%s intend to do internal pricing in the next two years.

“Os resultados das empresas revelados neste estudo demonstram que enfrentar a mudança do clima representa mais oportunidades do que riscos para o Brasil. Em resumo, é financeiramente mais vantajoso fazer investimentos para materializar essas oportunidades do que gerir os impactos negativos das mudanças clima”, explicou Marina Grossi. Esse aprendizado das empresas pode ajudar na construção de políticas adequadas visando maior resiliência da economia brasileira diante dos impactos gerados pela mudança do clima. “Este tema poderia ser incorporado como uma das variáveis críticas nas propostas de reformas em discussão no País. Assim, políticas econômicas, tributárias e ambientais, dentre outras, não mais competiriam entre si, mas sim poderiam convergir para fortalecer a competitividade do Brasil nessa nova economia”, disse o Diretor de Economia Verde do WWF-Brasil.

The integration of climate issues in the construction of these policies can even provide solutions to address the current budget deficit through innovative financial instruments such as green bonds and incentivized debentures. The study highlights that there is a growing investor appetite for these financial products. The global impact investing market, which considers Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) criteria, already moves US$ 502 billion, considering the assets of 1,300 impact investors from all over the world. In Latin America alone, US$ 521 billion were raised via green bonds worldwide and US$ 7 billion.

PRINCIPAIS RESULTADOS DO ESTUDO

  • 83% identify risks associated with climate change.
  • 85% identify opportunities associated with climate change.
  • 93% integrate climate change into business strategy.
  • 68% make use of weather scenarios.
  • 30% have developed a decarbonization plan and 10% have a decarbonization plan under development to be finalized in the next 2 years.
  • 33% use internal carbon pricing. Other 21% intend to do so in the next 2 years.
  • 32% committed to a science-based goal.
  • Companies analyzed invested a total of US$ 7.7 billion in low carbon R&D.

ABOUT CEBDS

The Brazilian Business Council for Sustainable Development (CEBDS) is a non-profit civil association that promotes sustainable development through articulation with governments and civil society, in addition to disseminating the most current concepts and practices on the subject. Founded in 1997, it brings together around 60 of the largest business groups in the country, responsible for more than 1 million direct jobs. It represents in Brazil the network of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), which has almost 60 national and regional councils in 36 countries and 22 industrial sectors, in addition to 200 business groups that operate in all continents. More information: https://cebds.org/.

 

PRESS CONTACTS

CEBDS

imprensa@cebds.org | +55 21 2483.2259 – 99864.4245

Eduardo Nunes

WWF-Brasil

silvia.dias@avivcomunicacao.com.br; rita.silva@avivcomunicacao.com.br | +55 11 4625-0605 – 11 99191-7456

Silvia Dias and e Rita Silva

CDP América Latina

camila.lopes@alfapress.com.br | +55 19 2136.3527 – 99782.7491

Camila Lopes

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