Collective action for water security and adaptation to climate change

The Viva Água movement (MVA) promotes water security and adaptation to climate change based on actions for the conservation and recovery of natural ecosystems, in addition to encouraging entrepreneurship with positive social and environmental impacts. Conceived by Fundação Grupo Boticário, the model involves multiple actors, with the opportunity to be replicated in any river basin in the country.

It started in 2019 in the Miringuava River Basin, one of the most strategic supply sources in Greater Curitiba. Located in São José dos Pinhais (PR), it supplies 600,000 people. From the dam under construction, the basin will supply almost the entire population and companies in the municipality, and will expand the surplus that is already generated today to neighboring cities.

Designed for 10 years, MVA Miringuava has the following goals by 2030:
• Preserve 1,500 hectares of natural areas through financial mechanisms
• Recover 650 hectares of strategic areas for water availability
• Support 30 businesses with a positive socio-environmental impact
• Convert 500 hectares to sustainable production

In 2021, the MVA was created for the Guanabara Bay Hydrographic Region – the result of the success of the Oásis Lab initiative, which, in 2019, brought together more than 100 strategic actors in the territory to co-create Nature-Based Solutions (SbN) for water security and resilience coastal marine. It is a region formed by 17 municipalities with more than 7 million people. The economic and industrial activities are of great proportions and the socio-environmental conditions of the surroundings are very challenging.

For the MVA Guanabara, the following goals were established until 2024:
• Consolidate a multisectoral movement for SbN actions in the region
• Create and strengthen a conservation business ecosystem in the region
• Accelerate 60 businesses with a positive socio-environmental impact
• Implement a financial mechanism, leveraging resources from other organizations
• Promote at least 20 biodiversity conservation initiatives in the territory

A) Viva Água Miringuava

Due to the pandemic, we were unable to proceed with the implementation of all actions as planned, which hindered closer interaction with the community. We are in a territory where there are many organizations working and we have to maintain a constant dialogue so that there is no overlapping of actions. As it is a multi-stakeholder initiative, we have also faced some challenges in conflict resolution. However, the logic of a movement that belongs to all favors joint action.

1) Main actions carried out:
• Institution of Philanthropic Fund.
• Definition of governance policy.
• 72 family farmers involved in a program carried out to promote sustainable agriculture based on the introduction of innovative technologies and solutions.
• Support in the construction of the public notice for the Miringuava Payment for Environmental Services Program, which was launched on 11/24/2021.
• Financial planning of the movement.
• Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Climate Change Adaptation actions foreseen by the movement.
• Study carried out on the benefits of Nature-Based Solutions for Water Security and Climate Resilience in the Metropolitan Region of Curitiba.
• Workshop held to support 11 companies in the region in understanding the risks of climate change for their operations and how they can adapt to this reality.

2) Partners: Sebrae, Sanepar, BTG Pactual, ProAdapta, BRDE, Elis Brasil, Baic, Municipality of São José dos Pinhais, SPVS, Coop Hort, EcoGuaricana, TNC, Sitawi.

B) Viva Água Guanabara

Considering that our arrival in the territory is recent, we had to win the recognition of the main players in order to gain their trust and engagement. We achieved this with the application of participatory methodology, active listening processes and an emblematic history of action in nature conservation in other territories, which brought us this possibility and helped us to overcome this main barrier.

1) Main actions carried out:

• Definition of governance policy and membership policy for the movement.
• Composition of the Strategic Council;
• Activation of the MVAG Impact Network with 62 different actors from the territory, including the 3rd sector, public authorities and the private sector.
• Mapping of 70 NISA;
• Acceleration of 15 socio-environmental impact businesses (NISA).
• Structuring of a Philanthropic Fund for investment in NISA and socio-environmental actions.

2) Partners: INEA / State Secretariat for the Environment and Sustainability of Rio de Janeiro, Sistema B Brasil, Instituto Humanize, Firjan RJ, Guanabara Bay Basin Committee, Instituto de Desenvolvimento e Gestão.

In the Viva Água Miringuava movement there are 6 axes, each coordinated by a partner organization. Every year, the work team for each axis defines an action plan to ensure that the targets established for 2030 are achieved. This planning seeks to optimize aspects of time, effort and resources so that participating organizations connect with actions from their own agendas. Annual planning is revisited quarterly to assess the progress of actions and make any adjustments to conduct.

In the Viva Água Guanabara movement, initial planning also took place in a participatory manner. From the presentation of the reality and its challenges, together with the desired scenario, the partner institutions were invited to connect their agendas to a performance in the territory in order to contribute to the achievement of the desired transformation. The Governance of the Viva Água Baía de Guanabara Movement is made up of strategic, tactical and operational levels, which is organized into five strategic axes forming the impact network.

For the Viva Água Miringuava movement, as previously mentioned, the progress of planned actions is monitored on a quarterly basis. In 2022, a set of environmental and socioeconomic indicators will be structured to support the movement's monitoring process.

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