Mata do Junco, Kayapó and Nascentes Projects

Shared actions in favor of water carried out through the Mata do Junco, Kayapó and Nascentes projects.

Mata do Junco Project

The Mata do Junco Wildlife Refuge Revegetation Project aims to replant seedlings in the area of the source of the Lagartixo river, which supplies the municipality of Capela (SE). The project has been carried out by Eletrobras Chesf since 2016.

Kayapo Project

The Kayapó Project is the result of the environmental licensing process for the Belo Monte Hydroelectric Power Plant, conducted by the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (Ibama) with the participation of the National Indian Foundation (Funai).

In 2018, the third project began with the Kayapó do Oeste, whose Indigenous Land Surveillance activities, expected to be carried out by April 2023, are aligned with goal 4 (Encouraging Shared Projects for Water) of the Brazilian Business Commitment for Water Security.

The Baú and Menkrãgnoti indigenous lands are located in an area that suffers from several vectors of pressure, representing one of the last barriers in the region known as the arc of deforestation, as it is abundant in forest, mineral and fishing resources, among other natural resources.

To illustrate with numbers: while the Xingu basin is 50% preserved, the lands of the Kayapó do Oeste, through which 31% of the Xingu flow pass, are 92% preserved. These indigenous lands have been the target of greed by non-indigenous people for decades and each year the inspection and surveillance activities carried out by the Kabu Institute demonstrate the increase in pressure both in the surroundings and within them.

Several undertakings and activities combined in the region have accelerated the process of occupation around indigenous lands, and consequently increased pressure on the Kayapó. In this sense, the activities provided for in this program are essential for carrying out inspection actions by the Kayapó themselves.

The maintenance, continuity and strengthening of this program in this new stage of the work are necessary due to the already mentioned problems of accumulated impacts between different projects and activities that result in pressure on the natural resources of indigenous lands.

Finally, it is important to emphasize that the responsibility for inspecting and protecting indigenous lands lies with the Union, and indirectly, the actions that contribute to the protection of Baú and Menkrãgnoti indigenous lands, result in the protection of a significant part of the Iriri river basin, which consequently contributes to the preservation of water stocks in the Xingu basin.

Ensuring the protection and inspection of the Baú and Menkrãgnoti indigenous lands is fundamental. First, by contributing to the preservation of future generations of the Kayapó Mekrãgnoti, guaranteeing the usufruct foreseen in the Federal Constitution. Second, because these indigenous lands contribute significantly to the conservation of natural and water resources that are essential for climate regulation. In addition, because they support the development of other strategic activities for the Brazilian population, which will benefit from the energy and other environmental services provided by the resulting resources.

Thus, the monitoring and surveillance actions proposed by this program, to be carried out with the participation of indigenous Environmental Agents, are concentrated in river, land and air access points throughout the year, with greater intensity in the dry season. Aerial monitoring guarantees the identification of vulnerable points or points that have evidence of illicit actions for subsequent ground investigation.

Springs Project

In partnership with the municipalities that surround the Usina de Furnas dam (MG), Eletrobras Furnas develops a program to recover the riparian forest around 400 springs in the Lake's Area of Direct Influence.

The Nascentes de Furnas project started in December 2017 and will reforest 50.4 hectares by the end of this year, an area corresponding to about 70 soccer fields, in 40 municipalities. The seedlings to be planted are of natural species in the region, cultivated in the Horto Florestal of Usina de Furnas.

Planting is the responsibility of the company, while maintenance will be the responsibility of each rural owner. Due to the partnership with the Association of Municipalities of Lago de Furnas (Alago), it will be up to the city halls to identify the springs in a georeferenced way and register the rural producers interested in participating in the program.

In this way, the company intends to increase the water supply to the hydroelectric reservoir and increase the flow available for capture at the springs, reducing the risk of water shortages in the municipalities.

Joining forces with public authorities and civil society, Eletrobras Furnas seeks to ensure sustainability in the locations where it operates and raise awareness of the benefits of environmental conservation.

Mata do Junco Project

The Mata do Junco revegetation project contract runs until the end of 2020, with the goal of planting 20,000 seedlings of Atlantic Forest species.

Kayapo Project

Over five years, from April 2018 to April 2023, R$ 1.75 million will be invested in Indigenous Land Surveillance actions of the Kayapó Mekrãgnoti Program, covering 10 indigenous villages in the Baú and Mekrãgnoti Indigenous Lands.

Resources are invested in the acquisition of items such as drone, software, boats, engines, cameras, GPS, mobile radio kit (antenna, battery, solar panel), equipment maintenance, fuel and lubricants, consumables, food and supplies fieldwork, financial assistance to indigenous peoples and aircraft freight for overflights, in order to meet the goal that each village will carry out 2 inspection expeditions per year.

Springs Project

Implementation of the Nascentes de Furnas Project and Technical Follow-up.

Mata do Junco Project

With the conclusion of the work, all procedures carried out in the revegetation project must be informed, citing the approach by area and in total, containing the inclusion of representative tables and graphs, showing the evolution of each worked area.

Kayapo Project

Analysis of historical series of data on deforestation, hot spots and water availability (QMLT: long-term average flow; Q95: flow with permanence of 95%) of the Xingu basin, Kayapó indigenous lands and its surroundings.

Springs Project

System Biodiversity Indicators System Corporate Sustainability Indicators – Environmental Module, GRI – DMA Biodiversity, ISE Bovespa and TESE.

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